Friday, May 22, 2020

What Is Distillation Principles and Uses

Distillation is an important separation process in chemistry, industry, and food science. Here is the definition of distillation and a look at the types of distillation and its uses. Key Takeaways: Distillation Distillation is the process of separating components of a mixture based on different boiling points.Examples of uses of distillation include purification of alcohol, desalination, crude oil refining, and making liquefied gases from air.Humans have been using distillation since at least 3000 BC in the Indus valley. Distillation Definition Distillation is a widely used method for separating mixtures based on differences in the conditions required to change the phase of components of the mixture. To separate a mixture of liquids, the liquid can be heated to force components, which have different boiling points, into the gas phase. The gas is then condensed back into liquid form and collected. Repeating the process on the collected liquid to improve the purity of the product is called double distillation. Although the term is most commonly applied to liquids, the reverse process can be used to separate gases by liquefying components using changes in temperature and/or pressure. A plant that performs distillation is called a distillery. The apparatus used to perform distillation is called a still. History The earliest known evidence of distillation comes from a terracotta distillation apparatus dating to 3000 BC in the Indus valley of Pakistan. Distillation was known to be used by the Babylonians of Mesopotamia. Initially, distillation is believed to have been used to make perfumes. Distillation of beverages occurred much later. The Arab chemist Al-Kindi distilled alcohol in 9th century Irag. Distillation of alcoholic beverages appears common in Italy and China starting in the 12th century. Uses of Distillation Distillation is used for many commercial processes, such as the  production of gasoline, distilled water, xylene, alcohol, paraffin, kerosene, and many other liquids. Gas may be liquefied and separate. For example: nitrogen, oxygen, and argon are distilled from air. Types of Distillation Types of distillation include simple distillation, fractional distillation (different volatile fractions are collected as they are produced), and destructive distillation (usually, a material is heated so that it decomposes into compounds for collection). Simple Distillation Simple distillation may be used when the boiling points of two liquids are significantly different from each other or to separate liquids from solids or nonvolatile components. In simple distillation, a mixture is heated to change the most volatile component from a liquid into vapor. The vapor rises and passes into a condenser. Usually, the condenser is cooled (e.g., by running cold water around it) to promote condensation of the vapor, which is collected. Steam Distillation Steam distillation is used to separate heat-sensitive components. Steam is added to the mixture, causing some of it to vaporize. This vapor is cooled and condensed into two liquid fractions. Sometimes the fractions are collected separately, or they may have different density values, so they separate on their own. An example is steam distillation of flowers to yield essential oil and a water-based distillate. Fractional Distillation Fractional distillation is used when the boiling points of the components of a mixture are close to each other, as determined using Raoults law. A fractionating column is used to separate the components used a series of distillations called rectification. In fractional distillation, a mixture is heated so vapor rises and enters the fractionating column. As the vapor cools, it condenses on the packing material of the column. The heat of rising vapor causes this liquid to vaporize again, moving it along the column and eventually yielding a higher purity sample of the more volatile component of the mixture. Vacuum Distillation Vacuum distillation is used to separate components that have high boiling points. Lowering the pressure of the apparatus also lowers boiling points. Otherwise, the process is similar to other forms of distillation. Vacuum distillation is particularly useful when the normal boiling point exceeds the decomposition temperature of a compound. Sources Allchin, F. R. (1979). India: The Ancient Home of Distillation?. Man. 14 (1): 55–63. doi:10.2307/2801640Forbes, R. J. (1970). A Short History of the Art of Distillation from the Beginnings up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-00617-1.Harwood, Laurence M.; Moody, Christopher J. (1989). Experimental organic chemistry: Principles and Practice (Illustrated ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. ISBN 978-0-632-02017-1.

Friday, May 8, 2020

Plan For Transform Cigna Customer Service Rating - 1720 Words

Plan to Transform Cigna Customer Service Rating Introduction For the purpose of this paper I have chosen a company that I am familiar with and one that my husband is subcontracted for now going on 16 years. The company is one that could use the improvement in customer service, and they are currently working on. By implementing Kotter’s 8-step Approach to what Cigna wants to accomplish they will defiantly accomplish their goal of increasing their customer ratings to 95%. As we will see, Cigna is an established leader in the healthcare industry that must start listening to the customers and acting upon their concerns. While implementing the transform of Cigna’s customer service rating, the communication must come from the top and flow†¦show more content†¦The merging companies are even richer in their history, â€Å"In 1792, a group of prominent citizens in Philadelphia formed the Insurance Company of North America (INA), the first marine insurance company in the United States† (Cigna.com, 2014) and Connecticut General Life Insurance Company (CG) in 1865 when the Governor of Connecticut signed a special act of incorporation (Cigna.com, 2014). Cigna Corporation has been around since the early 1990s, as a startup company in the healthcare industry there were many challenges. There was stiff competition with other, more established companies in what is a very competitive market. Cigna focused on customer service, providing the best customer in the industry. Currently Cigna Corporation has approximately 50,000 employees and operates in nearly 70 countries. By the end of 1993 all of CIGNA s nine business divisions had completed business reengineering projects, some with mixed results (Raymond, Jarvenpaa, Stoddard, 1994). Most recently Cigna can boast, â€Å"$32.4 billion in annual revenues, approximately 35,000 employees worldwide, approximately 80 million global customer relationships, sales in more than 30 countries and jurisdictions, and $11.1 million in financial impact from charitable contribution† (Cigna.Com, 2014). Cigna is an established leader in the healthcare industry and will continue to prosper into the future, with innovated products, services, customer service improvements, and aggressive

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Feministic Reading Of Donnes Poetry English Literature Essay Free Essays

To analyze seventeenth century literature, one can barely overlook John Donne and to read done literature, one can non ignore his love sonnets through which Donne ‘s position of love and how he viewed the adult females of his clip, as the object of this love, can be scrutinized absolutely. However, one facet remains changeless ; Donne seldom lingers over the adult female ‘s physical visual aspect, and leaves the reader to presume that the adult female in Donne ‘s verse form is a shady figure, the object or contemplation of male desire, or a sex object to be circulated for the exhilaration and amusement of Donne ‘s male groups. Beauty was merely a thing that happened by opportunity and is accordingly, as Donne concludes, of no existent worth. We will write a custom essay sample on A Feministic Reading Of Donnes Poetry English Literature Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Not merely was beauty of no existent worth, but neither were the females themselves. These ideals were set forth chiefly by mediaeval and early-modern Christians, who found several justifications for adult females ‘s lower status in the narratives of Genesis and the New Testament ; 1 ) adult female was created after adult male, and hence adult male must be more perfect ; 2 ) Eve ‘s function in the autumn suggests pride, that she was governed by passions, and that adult females ‘s beauty and gender made them possible corrupters of adult male ; 3 ) adult females were clearly expected to be subservient to their hubbies ; and 4 ) as the ‘weaker vas, ‘ adult females possessed non merely less physical, but less mental strength than work forces. Though there were so many statements against the female sex, the female physical ( non needfully sexual ) organic structure and psyche was held in the highest respect, particularly the abovementioned thought of the female as â€Å" vas. † John Donne expanded this thought in his poesy, composing about adult females in a manner that degraded their physical organic structure, their mental and emotional capablenesss, and their relation to the male sex. Women, in John Donne ‘s eyes were seen as a necessary portion of the male-female, body-soul connexion but were unsafe every bit good. Womans, in the 16th and 17th centuries were believed to transport merely every bit much truth – and secrecy – as work forces. Womans were vass that could be filled ( with anything ) ; this capacity non merely made adult females appealing, but made them unbelievable agents of any force, good or bad. The relationship between organic structure and psyche, a relationship Donne regarded as one of common necessity, was the specifying bond of his life. His experiences ( of friendly relationship, love, wellness, unwellness, work, leisure ) were all conditioned by the interactions between the two parts of the ego. As a poet and a curate, the physical and the religious, the male and the female, the layman and the Godhead were inexorably linked for Donne, and were ever carried into his poesy. To obtain farther grounds of how Donne, every bit good as his talkers, views the female organic structure, one must look closely at his poesy ; for illustration, Donne ‘s verse form â€Å" Air and Angels. † This verse form addresses the struggle of Love within the spirit and the organic structure. The verse form begins: â€Å" Twice or thrice had I loved thee, / Before I knew thy face or name ; / So in a voice, so in a shapeless fire † ( 1-3 ) In another verse form, â€Å" The Extasie, † Donne states that â€Å" Our soules, ( which to progress their province, / ere gone out, ) hung ‘twixt her, and mee./ And whil’st our soules negotiate at that place, / Wee like sepulchral statues ballad † ( 15-18 ) . Asserting this anterior belief that souls/spirits can go forth the organic structure to mix with other psyches, Donne carries this belief to the lines in â€Å" Air and Angels. † Possibly how he ‘met ‘ his lover, their psyches negociating far from their physical organic structures, Donne ‘s talker in â€Å" Air and Angels † believes his spirit met his lover ‘s spirit ( a voice or shapeless fire ) while their organic structures lay elsewhere. Despite the talker ‘s declaration that the female was disembodied and â€Å" shapeless, † and merely as psyches are required to take a organic structure, the talker needs to concentrate upon the human signifier ( as simply an empty outline/container ) in order to make full it with whatever he chooses, in this instance his love. The female lover addressed is the concrete incarnation required to finish this relationship. The talker describes the determination of the physical being and their first meeting in the 5th line: â€Å" Still when, to where 1000 wert, I came, / Some lovely glorious nil did I see † ( 5-6 ) . When the talker came ( physically ) to where his female lover was, a â€Å" glorious nil † did he see. This interesting line becomes a sexual wordplay sing the female genital organ. If we look back at Galenic theories of foetal development, ( Galen, a outstanding Roman doctor, philosopher, and accomplished medical research worker ) we find that 2nd century doctors believed that the female was an inferior version of the male. Despite multiple grounds for this, one ground was universally accepted ; the female was an â€Å" undercooked † male for the parts that are indoors in adult female are outside in man.The outgrowth of the phallus in male foetuss was an look of â€Å" doneness † in foetal development. Since the vagina remained inside the female foetus, Galen a nd co-workers understood this to intend the female foetus was non â€Å" done. † Therefore, the female genital organ were nil, a â€Å" glorious nil, † and an interestingly present absence. As a consequence, the talker supposes that he must make full that empty infinite, that absence, within this lover ‘s organic structure. He utters, â€Å" Since my psyche, whose kid, love is/ Takes limbs of flesh and else could nil make † ( 7-8 ) . Because the kid of the psyche is Love, Love needs a corporeal organic structure ; a place. Love must take a organic structure, so the talker asks Love to â€Å" presume thy organic structure, I allow, / And repair itself in thy lip, oculus, and forehead † ( 12-14 ) . Her organic structure is the container for Love, and the talker must come to acknowledge and love her physically. Other footings throughout the verse form that suggest her organic structure is simply a container are â€Å" ballast † and â€Å" tender † ( a little boat ) as in: â€Å" Whilst therefore to ballast love I thought, / And so more steadily to hold gone, / With wares which would drop esteem, / I saw I had love ‘s tender overfraught † ( 15-18 ) . In the verse form, Donne expresses that the talker ‘s love is excessively much for the female ; that he invades her and â€Å" love ‘s tender is overfraught † ( 18 ) . What should hold been a stabilising weight ( Love ) was emotionally unwieldy for the bantam vas. The talker had intended to stabilise love ‘s boat with wares which would drop an undistinguished ship of mere esteem, but alternatively had overloaded even Love ‘s ship ( a more powerful abstraction than mere esteem ) , unbalancing the really Love which he meant to maintain safe. The concrete and physical specifics were excessiv ely overpowering for human love, which can non inhere ( be portion of something natural and built-in ) in discorporate liquors. Here, Donne reasserts his passionate belief that one can be neither merely affair nor merely spirit ; one must capture both. Therefore, neither can Love happen its permanency in â€Å" nil, † nor in the appendage or glare of passion or beauty as the talker states, â€Å" For, nor in nil, nor in things/ Extreme, and dispersing bright, can love inhere † ( 21 ) ( Nutt 24 ) . In the concluding lines: â€Å" Merely such disparity/ As is ‘twixt air ‘s and angel ‘s pureness, / ‘Twixt adult females ‘s love, and work forces ‘s, will of all time be † ( 26-28 ) , Donne stresses the Elizabethan sentiment that there will everlastingly be a duality between a adult male and a adult female ‘s love. A adult female ‘s is more fugitive and sacred, yet harder to capture and more widely sought after, hence, le ss â€Å" bodily † and more â€Å" spirit-like. † These factors besides make her love less stable. A delicate balance is required to non merely maintain Love afloat, but to non overburden it every bit good ; even the most carefully placed, but lopsided ballast can easy tip the tender of Love. In â€Å" Air and Angels, † the female organic structure is highly misunderstood, and described as a mere container for Love to busy. Although look up toing adult female for her ownership of a sacred and widely sought-after Love, the full verse form relies upon the female signifier and the fact that it is uninhabited and can easy be filled with a assortment of things. The transforming regard of the witness, need non be constrained by an being outside the organic structure. In imaginativeness at any rate, it might be possible to sail into the organic structure which could therefore look as a topographic point of infinite infinite, a topographic point with infinite possibilities ( 140 ) . Sadly, this filling is non done of her ain will, but of the male talker ‘s ; she must digest his use and idealistic position of love, and addition nil in return save an overfraught tender. And in Donne ‘s verse forms, we seldom hear the female voice, or learn of Love from the female position. In the bulk of Donne ‘s verse forms, the talker is male, and the audience is preponderantly male. John Donne was a clique poet, significance that he wrote to a choice group of close friends, most likely poets themselves. Writing in an epoch where a female was deemed a lesser being than a male, Donne was entirely following the conventions used by other coterie poets by composing misogynous Hagiographas about adult females from a hypermasculine point-of-view. And though he seldom wrote about Love itself, he did compose about Love in the sense that it was an abstract male-female connexion. Work cited The Norton Anthology of English Literature Volume one, Sixth edition. Abjadian, A. A study of English Literature. Tehran ; 2006. www.wikipedia.com How to cite A Feministic Reading Of Donnes Poetry English Literature Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Traditional vs Modern Architecture free essay sample

Our world today has drastically changed from back in the 20th century, all sorts of machinery with the help of technology have been invented to make work easier for human beings, however traditional ways of carrying out tasks are fading and very few parts of it have been preserved. Architecture has been broken down into many categories to fit the lifestyle of people in a particular place at a particular time. The two main ways of recognising these are; Modern architecture and traditional architecture.Modern architecture is known as the movement of architecture that began in the 20th century, it is also architecture that is characterised by the simplification of forms and subtraction of ornaments, modern architecture can be some of the most futuristic, colourful, innovative designs ever. Modern architecture these days there are so many materials that architects can use to create different effects on buildings.On the other hand traditional architecture are mainly classified as historic al buildings that have a lot of character and culture incorporated into them and artists were commissioned to put some colour into the building giving each one an individual stamp. We will write a custom essay sample on Traditional vs Modern Architecture or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Can modern and traditional architecture coexist? In today’s world anything is possible for example Instead of painting beautiful designs on the wall, one can just use wall paper instead which can be replaced or removed at anytime.The thin line between modern architecture and traditional architecture is that Modern architecture explores mainly with the interior features whereas traditional architecture is mainly worked on the exterior features (Campbell, 2011). Therefore modern architecture and traditional are definitely able to coexist. Just as every living organism evolves from specie to specie, similarly architecture has evolved over the years from traditional architecture to modern architecture.Modern Architecture and traditional architecture are one in the same, in that traditional architecture was at one point modern and what is modern will eventually become traditional. Like Vladi Manolov said â€Å"Cathedral La Sagrada Familia is not being developed according to a com plete architecture plan. The architect of the cathedral Antoni Gaudi rather changed his vision for the cathedral as it was being built† (2010). Designs will evolve and always change whether it is over centuries or days. What today is known as modern architecture such as tall buildings in the future will be known as traditional architecture as it will not be a design of the new era and the generation then will have discovered a new concept and that will be labelled modern architecture. It’s the concept of transformation that has been applied where designs have been simplified and work has been made easier.Modern architecture has developed from traditional architecture; however architecture has been through many time frames between being called traditional architecture to it being known as modern architecture. The phase architecture has gone through has drained out its best parts and thus modern architecture is plain and made of simple forms and shapes. Traditional architecture is more appreciated as traditional buildings are known to be stronger than modern architecture, as they have lasted a series of centuries and de cades.The beauty that lies in traditional architecture is unique. Even though modern architecture has its own style and form of design however it is much simpler than most of the traditional designed buildings. Traditional architecture was carefully detailed, from its masonry to its detailed designed carvings and paintings; all of this was handmade and took time and alot of effort to put together. Whereas modern architecture has many look alike buildings, some of the tall buildings around look very similar to each other and the sense of uniqueness no longer exist.Even in this day and age traditional architecture is appreciated to an extent that architects incorporate traditional designs with modern architecture as in article read it says â€Å"Although today there are so many modern building in Japan, but the traditional building is still exist and it has great power to make so many people keep build the same traditional architecture and even some people try to mix it with the modern design because they adore the traditional design. † (The beauty of traditional architecture in Japan, 2011).The beauty of traditional architecture is very much appreciated especially by religious groups thus they prefer detailed designs for religious buildings such as mosques, churches, temples. For example The Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Hindu Temple in Nairobi, Kenya, It has a modern feel to it and the use of the materials for the construction of the building give it a modern look yet the carvings and patterns engraved on it shows how traditional the building is. Modern architecture buildings exhaust the natural resources to make suitable construction materials leading to â€Å"scarcening† resources, increasing the xpenses of a building and it has a negative impact on the ecosystem. Whereas traditional architecture would use minimal natural resources as derived from the source, which makes it environmental friendly. Before the great need of the use of technology, architecture buildings were made up of stone, bricks, mortar, and other local building materials, along with natural lighting and air conditioning facilities. This had a near-zero impact on the environment. â€Å"But, post 1850, technology crept into architecture building design and disrupted the ecological balance. † (BluEnt, 2003-2011).Modern architecture buildings make use of huge amounts of steel, concrete, glass, and other synthetic building materials which have negative impacts on the eco-system and are costly. Modern architecture buildings also consume huge amounts of electricity, water, and other natural resources making it scarce and expensive. Thereby, the construction industry during the 20th century has been a significant contributor to global warming and climate change. In my opinion architecture in the past was very different from the present modern architecture, there has been a vast change in designs and the use of technology has superseded workmanship.The need for traditional architecture to be practised is essential so as to bring out variety moreover the mixture of both modern and traditional architecture would be a good combination as it would explore certain parts of architecture that have probably up to this day not been discovered yet it could cause a clash of the two types and bring out styles that would not be appreciated. Traditional architecture however is cheaper and easily accessible compared to modern architecture which takes quiet a long period of time planning and constructing.Moreover traditional architecture is environmental friendly and a pocket saver thus the concept of green architecture has been invented to bring out about the new modern trend with a touch of traditional aspects for sustainability. Traditional and modern architecture are already in co-existence with green architecture as an example, therefore modern and traditional architecture in this day and age must coexist to reduces the negative impacts on the world and instead to bring about a pleasant sustainable environment. Traditional vs Modern Architecture free essay sample Modern architecture is known as the movement of architecture that started in the 20th century, its also architecture that is characterised by the simplification of subtraction of ornaments, forms. Modern architecture can be some of the most colourful, innovative and futuristic designs ever. (7Ranchise 2011) Modern architecture today can be applied by using so many different type of materials that architects choose to create different effects on buildings. 7Ranchise 2011) on the other hand, traditional architecture is mainly categorised as historical buildings that have a lot of cultural and character included into them and artists were commissioned to put some colour into the building giving each one of an individual effect. But, the question is can modern and traditional architecture coexist? In todays world anything seems possible, an example to support that could be instead of painting beautiful designs on the wall, Wall papers could be used instead as they are easily applied and can easily replaced or removed at anytime. We will write a custom essay sample on Traditional vs Modern Architecture or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 7Ranchise 2011) The thin line between traditional architecture and modern architecture is that modern architecture explores mainly with the interior features whereas traditional architecture mainly focuses on the exterior features. (7Ranchise 2011) Just as every living organism advances from specie to specie, similarly architecture has developed over the years from traditional architecture to modern architecture Modern architecture utters its use and does not use superfluous aesthetic elements on its form or ornament. Instead, every space and element in modern architecture is stark, only providing spatial characteristics and furnishings that will afford a spaces purpose. (7Ranchise 2011)Most modern architecture used a limited colour palate, including white, shades of grey and black. Moreover, functional architectural elements such as, stairs, windows and doors are highlighted with severe details to grab the attention of elements purpose. (7Ranchise 2011) Movement and circulation are very important in modern architecture. In fact, many describe modernism in terms of purpose and motion. (7Ranchise 2011) Because modern architecture is meant to help its user, inhabitant, corridors, ductwork and plumbing are featured and are usually more than abundant for the buildings purpose. (7Ranchise 2011)Once again, circulation is part of a buildings function, so modern architects try to grab attention to those elements. I Personally, I admire modern architecture. I find inspiration and pleasure in pieces that represent the modernism of their creation. I am interested in the way situation, technology and ideas shaped the buildings of various times. However, I am less interested in modern copies of older architecture work. I find the imitation of older forms, no matter how successful they are, to be somehow boring. For example, I like the poetry of Wordsworth, but I would be completely turned off by a modern poet who writes in that style. Some people simply don’t like modern architecture. The same thing also goes for modern poetry, music, art, and theater. There will always be a part of the society that prefers the old rather than the new, that believes the best art has already been accomplished. But, there will also always be a reliant that revels in innovation that is accepting by the change. This is a difference of opinions. If we compare cars to buildings we will find that the sleeker form of modern cars is both an aesthetic and practical transformation from its boxier forebear. (Darling 2009) If we want cars to move faster while using less energy, we have to make them more aerodynamic. Darling 2009)Thus the form has been adjusted to make cars more functional and effective. Same thing applies when comes to buildings. (Darling 2009) We may find that houses require a similar adjustment of form. (Darling 2009)The need for the functionality of passive solar strategies and tighter envelopes may be better met through new unexplored forms. More modern designs may better allow for day lighting, work-from-home applications easier automation , and other functionality requirements. Darling 2009) The experimentation that takes place in modern architecture could make our houses more useful and efficient even as it adjusts the appearance of our homes. (Darling 2009) In addition, Because modernism evolved hand-in-hand with industrialization, modern structures were designed and constructed in light of the machine. Modern architects created pronounced details and building systems that focused on machine manufacturing and making. (Darling 2009) Moreover, support elements, such as pumps, air conditioning units and automated furnishings were pivotal points in modern architecture. Darling 2009) When we talk about the Sustainability, Its a necessary to understand the importance of moving toward greener houses which have eventually significant effect on the shape and design of such houses. (Darling 2009) This doesn’t mean that all traditional buildings are not green Philly Row home for example is considered as a green building. (Darling 2009) But with a more modern touch we might be able to get there with complexity and less cost. (Darling 2009) New and more sustainable materials can replace the traditional brick facade. Darling 2009)Also, more efficient window configurations might grab into the question the standard exterior design. (Darling 2009) Even simple ideas of shape and size may adjust to the realities of solar panel application, insulation requirements or interior air circulation. (Darling 2009) Space and materi als need to be used more efficiently and this could be achieved by building smaller and more densely house designs. (Darling 2009) Designers can possibly create new ideas for specific regions conditions. (Darling 2009) Things that could play a role in redefining regional aesthetic possibilities are climate and available local materials. Darling 2009) Using this concept can help us create houses that can belong to a certain place regardless of what they may look like. (Darling 2009) When it comes to the designing of a house, the number of people who live inside a house should be put into account. (Darling 2009) Modern architecture in somehow seems to understand and accept a larger and different variety of lifestyles. (Darling 2009) Average American home suits less than three people, but you can never guess that from the configuration and size of most of the new houses. Darling 2009) As not everyone plans on getting married and having three kids. (Darling 2009) The variety in home design accepts the variety and differences in lifestyle choices and provides people with more places which suit their lifestyles. (Darling 2009) Designers now, can possibly create new ideas and designs for buildings that suits conditions of a certain region. (Darling 2009) Also, depending on the climate and the available local materials buildings being designed belong in the place they are built in regardless of what they may look like. Darling 2009) When talking about modern living rooms and traditional ones. (invisible 2011) They greatly differ from one another. (invisible 2011) Modern living rooms are artistic, unique and stand out from the rest of designs whereas traditional rooms have comfortable, relaxed atmosphere and a more cultured design to it. (invisible 2011) A modern living room contains furniture that is dissimilar and things like sofas are usually imported. Also, the living room designs are artsy, boxy, curved or feature straight contemporary lines. The main focus on a modern living room seems to lay around the selection of sofas and the entertainment section. (invisible 2011)While on the other hand, Traditional living rooms consist mainly of wooden furniture with patterned designs and mitigating that gives a very heavy feeling. (invisible 2011) Even the uses of colours in traditional rooms are mostly likely to be dark and dull; the entertainment section can be a large centre attention. (invisible 2011) Traditional living rooms furniture has a lot of details on legs and armrests when it comes to the furniture designs. invisible 2011) As a student and a researcher, I am going to know my position in time and probably also in space in my situation and what I am studying. It is clear that The things that I am taking may not be new for me and I think that I am not going to be stunned by it even if I try to, and I can’t try and take experience about the object because its already experienced by its time And I probably think th at it’s a good start of an architectonic style that was to influence and manipulate the entire architecture of the 20th century. Architect as Walter Gropius he started to design his first new building in 1910s and 1920;s and all of them were trying to find and tell about a new way to acknowledge and educate artists and architects and new forms of collaboration between them and industry lot of people saw the ideas and they took it as traditional values. and I tried my best to be in the author and the architects place studying and interpreting and I found a new way to understand the object of study. The advantage and benefit of doing so was probably not so much to reach a more objective clutch of the subject matter and the period, but specially to obtain a deeper understanding of my own reality and situation today as an individual that is part of a context, and that is placed within the consequences of modernism In conclusion, modern architecture is not abstract art; it’s a good analogy. Modern design can be as warm as any traditional design, warm or cold are just two characteristics that could be from modern or traditional homes. People constantly try to build a basis for the rejection of modern design on this and it just does not hold true. What does hold true is that people just don’t think very much, from consumers to presidents, and that’s why housing, and much else is in so much trouble. I think a little warm modernism that could persuade people out of that familiar (and mindless) rut is just what we need. In fact it’s just the kind of thing that can make them start looking at the rest of their lives with fresh eyes. A little catalyst never hurt anybody. Bibliography Ranchise. http://www. studymode. com/essays/Traditional-Vs-Modern-Architecture-728344. html. june 2011. www. studymode. com (accessed october 21, 2012). Crooks, Ryan. http://www. ehow. com/info_8527884_characteristics-modernist-architectural-style. html. 2012. www. ehow. com (accessed october 21, 2012). Darling, Nic. www. 100khouse. com/2009/01/06/why-modern/. January 6, 2009. www. 100khouse. com (accessed September 23, 2012). invisible. www. antiessays. com/free-essays/122603. html. october 30, 2011. www. antiessays. com (accessed october 21, 2012).

Thursday, March 19, 2020

a contrast the virgina colony essays

a contrast the virgina colony essays Virginia Colony Contrasted with the New England Colonies The colonies in New England and Virginia were very different even though they both originated from England. Each colony consisted of disparate people with contrasting reasons for travelling to the New World. The colonies were able to achieve success through different means, however these means were the principle cause of many problems the developing societies faced. The people that were to populate the New England colonies had a very conservative and logical approach to initiating their colonies. The people were seeking a place to practice their religion freely. They believed that many people around them did not believe as strongly in their religion, and wanted to divorce themselves from that halfhearted atmosphere. They brought with them those items and people they needed to create a strong community. They brought families and many relatives. They brought servants and some personal comforts. They made a strong attempt to follow the same manner of society as in England, and kept customs that were common there. Virginia, on the other hand, was not remotely prepared to start a new colony. The majority of people coming to the colonies were fortune hunters. This colony attracted the gentry and aristocracy, who were not in line to acquire wealth automatically. These people were here to discover gold and treasure to take back to England. They did not bring very many women to the new colony. They brought personal servants with them, but not any with useful skills like house building. Resulting from this oversight they were lacking in many necessities. They did not have the supplies to feed or sustain the colony, and they could not build ample shelter from the winter months. They went through a period known as the starving time where they lost many numbers. The colony did survive through this hardship to become a successful colony. ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Essay Service

Essay Service Essay Service Essay Service If you are looking for some extra help online to give your writing skills a boost in the form of an essay service - then here is what you should be on the look out for. Make sure that you have accessed a premier academic writing service that offers the finest essay service for coursework and other written assignments.You need to zero in on a credible site that ensures that their essay service guarantees 100% original and well-researched papers. Essay Service Checklist Before entrusting your essay to just any site online-you need to check on their credentials. Ask yourself: Does the essay service meet the required standards of academic writing by checking on their track record? Does the essay service consists of a dedicated team of capable academic writers? How many years of experience do they have to back up their essay service? What do past customers feel about the essay service you are planning to tap? Will the essay service tailor your essay to your exact specifications-including the reading sources, the length as well as the required format? Are they backed by experience in different kinds of essays at the Bachelor, Masters and PhD levels? Glance at the Company's Features Does the essay service consist of a competent team of dedicated professionals that can write your essay from scratch? Do they have a track record for academic excellence? How has their reach expanded over the years? Are their writers qualified with a Masters or PHD under their belt or do they use the services of college students trying to make some extra pocket money? Can the essay service offer you essays that are written in fluent English with zero errors and proper grammar? How are their formatting skills? Are they equally adept at papers in MLA, APA, Chicago and other required formats? Further Points to Crosscheck On Can they teach you the ropes of creative writing and how to develop an argument to write winning essays? Is there a proper linkage between cause with effect? In other words does the essay have a logical flow? Are they equally adept at essays in the arts as well as the sciences? Are they punctual? You could just land yourself in a soup if you do not ensure that you are tapping in to the services of credible essay services to make sure you do your homework before entrusting an essay service with your assignment: Read also: Writing Editing Paper Editing Tips Help Editing Essay Editing Essay Company

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Justice System Essay

Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Justice System - Essay Example And these values would soon drastically increase if nothing would be done about it (Raspberry, 2003). The current justice system is basically grounded on retributive values wherein justice determines the crime or violation, then enjoins the victim, offender and the community to reach solutions of "repair, reconciliation and assurance" (Zehr, 1990;Walker, 2000). Anthropologist Ruth Benedict states that the emphasis of using shame or guilt to control social activities could be a way of categorizing cultures. Some Asian cultures like China and Japan are considered shame cultures in contrast to European and modern American cultures like the US which is said to be "guilt-based." To illustrate, traditional Japanese and Ancient Greek society put more importance to the social consequences of "getting caught" than the feelings of guilt of the offender ("Shame," 2006). The violation of shared opinions and expected behaviors causing the feeling of shame has proved to be efficient in guiding society's behavior. Shame is used against relational aggression and is considered effective in marriage, family and church settings. Also, it is used in the workplace as a form of covert social control ("Shame," 2006). Shame is considered as a pillar of punishment. ... This overwhelming feeling could prevent a person from ever committing the same offense. Thus, on these premises, shaming is believed to be helpful in crime prevention ("Shame," 2006). Victimology Victimology is a multi-disciplinary field covering sociology, psychology, criminal justice, law and advocacy, which identifies and explains how certain factors such as lifestyle affect the incidence of a crime. To cite an example, a "streetwalker" prostitute is very vulnerable to various risks of attacks. There is high incidence of violent crime which often is unresolved involving these people. Victimology then, in this case, may study the social background, legal status of prostitutes, living conditions and risk factors among others ("Victimology," 2006). This provides a better understanding of why crimes are committed and particularly puts some responsibility on the victim rather than simply pointing the blame to the offender. Crime is influenced by a lot of factors and the science of victimology impart the idea that a crime committed doesn't entirely revolve around the offender and his/her motives but may also be triggered by the victim. Restorative Justice Due to incompetence of the current justice system, restorative justice which began evolving around 15 years ago is seen as one alternative (Walker, 2000). The concept, which is presently recognized in North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, is coupled with different practices like conferencing, sentencing circles and victim-offender mediation scheme. The repair of the harm caused by the crime may be achieved by holding moderated meetings with the victims, offenders and other parties affected. This practice can be used in the justice system as a